[转] How to detect incoming calls in an Android

原文地址:https://stackoverflow.com/a/15564021
实测可用。
测试手机:
MeiZu MX4 Android 5.1

HuaWei Mate 8 Android 7.0

Here’s what I use to do this:

AndroidManifest:

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<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.PROCESS_OUTGOING_CALLS"/>

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<!--This part is inside the application-->
<receiver android:name=".CallReceiver" >
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.PHONE_STATE" />
</intent-filter>
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.NEW_OUTGOING_CALL" />
</intent-filter>
</receiver>

My base reusable call detector

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package com.gabesechan.android.reusable.receivers;
import java.util.Date;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.telephony.TelephonyManager;
public abstract class PhonecallReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
//The receiver will be recreated whenever android feels like it. We need a static variable to remember data between instantiations
private static int lastState = TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_IDLE;
private static Date callStartTime;
private static boolean isIncoming;
private static String savedNumber; //because the passed incoming is only valid in ringing
@Override
public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
//We listen to two intents. The new outgoing call only tells us of an outgoing call. We use it to get the number.
if (intent.getAction().equals("android.intent.action.NEW_OUTGOING_CALL")) {
savedNumber = intent.getExtras().getString("android.intent.extra.PHONE_NUMBER");
}
else{
String stateStr = intent.getExtras().getString(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_STATE);
String number = intent.getExtras().getString(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_INCOMING_NUMBER);
int state = 0;
if(stateStr.equals(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_STATE_IDLE)){
state = TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_IDLE;
}
else if(stateStr.equals(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_STATE_OFFHOOK)){
state = TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_OFFHOOK;
}
else if(stateStr.equals(TelephonyManager.EXTRA_STATE_RINGING)){
state = TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_RINGING;
}
onCallStateChanged(context, state, number);
}
}
//Derived classes should override these to respond to specific events of interest
protected abstract void onIncomingCallReceived(Context ctx, String number, Date start);
protected abstract void onIncomingCallAnswered(Context ctx, String number, Date start);
protected abstract void onIncomingCallEnded(Context ctx, String number, Date start, Date end);
protected abstract void onOutgoingCallStarted(Context ctx, String number, Date start);
protected abstract void onOutgoingCallEnded(Context ctx, String number, Date start, Date end);
protected abstract void onMissedCall(Context ctx, String number, Date start);
//Deals with actual events
//Incoming call- goes from IDLE to RINGING when it rings, to OFFHOOK when it's answered, to IDLE when its hung up
//Outgoing call- goes from IDLE to OFFHOOK when it dials out, to IDLE when hung up
public void onCallStateChanged(Context context, int state, String number) {
if(lastState == state){
//No change, debounce extras
return;
}
switch (state) {
case TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_RINGING:
isIncoming = true;
callStartTime = new Date();
savedNumber = number;
onIncomingCallReceived(context, number, callStartTime);
break;
case TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_OFFHOOK:
//Transition of ringing->offhook are pickups of incoming calls. Nothing done on them
if(lastState != TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_RINGING){
isIncoming = false;
callStartTime = new Date();
onOutgoingCallStarted(context, savedNumber, callStartTime);
}
else
{
isIncoming = true;
callStartTime = new Date();
onIncomingCallAnswered(context, savedNumber, callStartTime);
}
break;
case TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_IDLE:
//Went to idle- this is the end of a call. What type depends on previous state(s)
if(lastState == TelephonyManager.CALL_STATE_RINGING){
//Ring but no pickup- a miss
onMissedCall(context, savedNumber, callStartTime);
}
else if(isIncoming){
onIncomingCallEnded(context, savedNumber, callStartTime, new Date());
}
else{
onOutgoingCallEnded(context, savedNumber, callStartTime, new Date());
}
break;
}
lastState = state;
}
}

Then to use it, simply derive a class from it and implement a few easy functions, whichever call types you care about:

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public class CallReceiver extends PhonecallReceiver {
@Override
protected void onIncomingCallReceived(Context ctx, String number, Date start)
{
//
}
@Override
protected void onIncomingCallAnswered(Context ctx, String number, Date start)
{
//
}
@Override
protected void onIncomingCallEnded(Context ctx, String number, Date start, Date end)
{
//
}
@Override
protected void onOutgoingCallStarted(Context ctx, String number, Date start)
{
//
}
@Override
protected void onOutgoingCallEnded(Context ctx, String number, Date start, Date end)
{
//
}
@Override
protected void onMissedCall(Context ctx, String number, Date start)
{
//
}
}

In addition you can see a writeup I did on why the code is like it is on my blog. Gist link: https://gist.github.com/ftvs/e61ccb039f511eb288ee

EDIT: Updated to simpler code, as I’ve reworked the class for my own use

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